Lyrics Essay: Example and Tips
What is the lyric work?
In epic works, the difference of lyrical ones is that they narrate about various events that occur in a certain sequential order. So, in the fairy tale “The Snow Queen” by H. C. Andersen, we learn how Gerda was looking for, found and saved, liberated Kai from the icy captivity. Epic works in most cases are prosaic, less often – poetic.
The concept of the word “lyric” refers to the lyrics (from the Greek lyricos – melodic, musical, pronounced to the sounds of a lyre, – a stringed musical instrument that is considered a symbol of poetic creativity, inspiration). In lyrical works authors can be a people or a poet, but who convey different feelings: a feeling of love, admiration for the beauty of nature, friendship. Sometimes the lyric works reveal the state of a person’s soul, which is difficult to convey in words. These feelings are not always expressed directly. Often, the authors depict in words artistic pictures that cause readers a certain mood. Lyrical works (songs, poems) are feelings expressed through means of artistic depiction of experiences, moods associated with some events or a certain state of a person.
There are different kinds of lyrical works. One of them is folk songs. They are divided into two main groups: ritual (Christmas carols, wedding songs, songs-laments) and non-routine. Lullaby songs are lunatic. They are gentle, filled with human kindness and love for the child, melodic and pleasant. Many poets wrote their lullabies, imitating folk songs, preserving their warmth, spirit, beauty and poetry.
What is lyrical poetry?
Lyrical poetry derives its name from the Greek word “lyre”. This is a musical instrument, with which ancient Greeks accompanied themselves when they sang. The very name of lyrical poetry indicates its close connection with music: both express different heart emotions.
While the epic portrays the world as external (objective), the subject of the lyrics is the poet’s inner (subjective) world, his personal feelings caused by an object or phenomenon. Lyrical poetry includes not only those poems in which the poet expresses his feelings directly from his face, but also those in which he expresses them mediocre, then it is the imagination of external objects and phenomena, which from beginning to end is imbued with his feelings, his spiritual mood.
Lyrical poetry serves to express strong feelings, and since they are usually not long, lyrical works are always small. While epic works sometimes make up whole volumes (for example, poems, novels), lyrical ones in most cases consist of several lines. The poet expresses his feeling and puts down his pen. If he, despite the fact that his feeling has cooled down, will continue to write, then his lyrical work will not cause the readers the appropriate mood: only a sincere feeling is transmitted.
According to its origin, the lyrics are divided into two types: folk, oral, and literary, written:
- Oral lyrics are composed of those lyrical songs that are composed by an illiterate people orally and verbally transmitted from generation to generation. These songs are ritual songs and songs of everyday life. In the ritual songs accompanied by religious rituals, the religious feelings of the people are expressed; in everyday life – feelings caused by the conditions of life in general and the family in particular. The distinctive feature of most folk songs are the following: the representativeness of the language; tenderness and sincerity, explained by the softness of the national character; sincerity and depth of feeling; the people poured out in their songs only what they experienced and felt in reality; sad content and a dull tune.
- Written lyrics are those lyrical works that are created not by an illiterate people, but by individual writers.
Elegy is a lyric poem in which the poet expresses a feeling of sadness caused by some sad phenomenon. “Elegy” in translation from Greek means a mournful, sad song. Satire is a lyrical work in which mockery or indignation is expressed, caused by a social phenomenon worthy of reprobation, according to the poet. Satire originally originated in Greece, but its highest development, both in form and content, reached in Rome, where it received its name.
The ballad is a small poetic story with an admixture of wonderful, supernatural, fantastic. The word “ballad” in the language of the Celts means folk song. For the first time a ballad appeared in England. It was formed from the fusion of knightly traditions with local heroic tales. Spirits and ghosts play a prominent role in these folk songs and give them a dark, mysterious character.
Ballad as a genre of folk lyrics
Interest to folk ballads, this peculiar genre of medieval folklore, “discovered” for the first time by romantics and used by them to create the literary genre of a romantic ballad, has been growing noticeably lately. Collections of ballads and studies on them appear in a number of countries. Interest in the folk ballad is captured not only by the scientific community, but also by the broad range of readers.
The revival of interest in the ballad is in the mainstream of the growing attention to the culture of the past periods of the life of mankind. The genre of the ballad was very popular throughout the Middle Ages, so the question of the ballad is largely a matter of what self-consciousness was for many long centuries of European feudalism, what was the role of the people in creating a culture of the past.
Interest in the ballad shows that this genre requires urgent scientific attention. Meanwhile, the ancient folk ballads deserve the closest attention both in their content and in their artistic perfection.
The term “ballad” has become international, denoting a pan-European genre, the peculiarities of which are being clarified now by folklorists of different countries with reference to the folklore of their nations. The “ballad” also became stronger, although various phenomena related to different epochs and different genres were brought under it, and there was still no single glimpse of the essence of the ballad.
At the same time, under the name of “ballad” several genres, popular and professional, are united, unjustly deriving them from each other. It is a Provencal ballad of the 11th-16th centuries, an Anglo-Scottish folk ballad, a romantic ballad (genre of professional poetry) and a musical romantic ballad (genre of professional music).
The Provencal ballad (from the Italian “ballare” -slag) is a genre of medieval chivalric lyricism, which arose in the 11th-12th centuries on the basis of folk spring (ceremonial) dance songs with choral refrain. Becoming a professional genre and acquiring a strict canonical form, this ballad developed in France in the XIV-XVI centuries (in particular, the largest poet of the French Middle Ages Francois Villon wrote in the genre of the ballad) and died at the end of XVI century. Connect this genre with the origin of other genres with the name “ballad” would be wrong.
The name “ballad” was known in England and Scotland, where it identified the genre of folk narrative songs of a special kind. The origin of this term is unclear, but it apparently can not be reduced to the Italian “ballare”.